1. Showcases from the Coin Exhibition at the Residence of the President of the State of Israel
2. Silver coin from the Persian Period (375-333 BCE), depicting a male facing head. Reverse inscription: Yehezqiyah the Satrap.
3. Bronze coin of Philip, son of Herod the Great, minted in Caesarea Philippi (Paneas), 30-34 CE.
8. Lily flower. Silver coin from the Persian Period (Yehud, 375-333 BCE).
9. Helmet flanked by two palm branches. Bronze coin of king Herod the Great, dated to 37 BCE.
10. Royal canopy. Bronze prutah of king Agrippa I, from Jerusalem, dated to 41/42 CE.
11. Stem with three pomegranates (head of scepter of the High Priest?). Silver sheqel of the Jewish War, dated to 68 CE.
12. Yehohanan the High Priest Head of the Council of the Jews
within wreath. Hasmonean bronze prutah
of John Hyrcanus I (129-104 BCE), minted in Jerusalem.
13. Yehonatan the King
surrounding a lily flower. Hasmonean bronze prutah
of king Alexander Jannaeus, minted in Jerusalem, dated to 104-76 BCE.
(of King Antigonus) surrounding an ivy-wreath. Bronze coin of king Mattathias Antigonus, minted in Jerusalem, 40-37 BCE.
15. Shimon Prince of Israel
within laurel-wreath. Bronze coin from the Bar-Kokhba Revolt, dated to 132/133 CE.
A Burning Testimony
"And now the Romans, judging that it was in vain to spare what was round about the holy house, burnt all those places, as also the remains of the cloisters and the gates, two excepted; the one on the east side, and the other on the south; both which, however, they burnt afterward."
(Josephus Flavius, Wars
Two deposits of bronze coins from the Jewish War were discovered in 1975 during archaeological excavations at the Southern Wall of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, under the direction of Prof. Benjamin Mazar.
The coins were found in a commercial street from the Herodian period. Both deposits consist mostly of coins struck by the rebels during the fourth year of the revolt, 69 CE. The revolt that lasted more than four years, ended in 70 CE when the city of Jerusalem and its Temple were completely destroyed by conflagration.
The coins are significant due to their symbols, which are related to the Feast of Tabernacles, Sukkot
-a pilgrimage festival. The inscription for the redemption of Zion
expresses the hope for divine salvation at a stage when the war deteriorated rapidly toward its end. The coins are badly preserved. Most of them show evidence of severe burning: some are completely carbonized, while others show signs of "bubbling" within the bronze. A few coins survived by only small fragments. The state of preservation of the coins is a graphic testimony to the destruction of Jerusalem.
Together with the coin deposits, an extremely rare sheqel of the fifth year of the revolt is exhibited here. This coin was struck by the rebels during the last months of the war, in 70 CE.
16. Bronze prutah
of Agrippa I, minted in Jerusalem, dated to 41/42 CE. In obverse, a royal canopy; in reverse, three ears of grain.
17. Bronze prutah
of the Roman Procurator Antonius Felix, minted in Jerusalem, dated to 54 CE. In obverse, two crossed palm branches; in reverse, inscription within wreath.
18. Bronze prutah
of the Jewish War, minted in Jerusalem, dated 'year two' = 67 CE. In obverse, amphora; in reverse, vine leaf.
19. Bronze coin of the Jewish War, minted in Jerusalem, dated 'year four' = 69 CE. In obverse, ethrog
; in reverse, two bundles of lulav
, willow and myrtle.
20. Bronze coin of the Jewish War, minted in Jerusalem, dated 'year four' = 69 CE. In obverse, chalice; in reverse, a bundle of lulav
, willow and myrtle between two ethrogs
21. Silver sheqel
of the Jewish War, minted in Jerusalem, dated 'year five' = 70 CE. In obverse, chalice; in reverse, stem with three pomegranates (scepter of the High Priest?).
Exhibition Curators: Gabriela Bijovsky and Donald T. Ariel, Israel Antiquities Authority
|Back to Exhibitions List