Slightly further a field from the commercial center of Beisan were the city’s industrial regions which along with the commercial areas also reflect a flourishing industry. The later Arabic sources, from the Abbasid and Fatimid periods, mention that Beisan was a small city with abundant water, notable primarily for its date palm groves. But these sources however refer to the period after the earthquake and therefore do not reflect the economy of the city during the Umayyad period. Beginning from 700 CE an extensive, highly productive pottery industry was situated on the fringes of the theater and inside the agora. Next to the northeastern corner of the theater, as well as inside of it, a vast complex of pottery workshop installations was discovered that also included ten pottery workshop kilns of diverse production. Next to it, in the area of the agora, was another workshop that in addition to two large buildings whose rooms were built in two stories arranged around a large courtyard also included numerous installations and many kilns. Many vessels that were ready for market were found in the rooms of one of the buildings. Many of the vessels produced in these workshops were sold in the shops of the commercial center. The wide range of vessels from the Beisan workshops that has been found in many of area’s sites attests to the scope and wide distribution of this industry and the extensive marketing of its products throughout the entire region.


Another industrial project was established at the same time inside the frigidarium of the eastern therma whose impressive stone dome that covered the hall collapsed in the earthquake of 749 CE and sealed an industrial complex beneath it. Inside the three large marble pools of the bathhouses were built small sophisticated arrays of pools that utilized the therma’s water and drainage systems. In the adjacent frigidarium, below whose dome that had also collapsed, was exposed a magnificent residential dwelling that reused the bathhouse’s columns and capitals and presumably served the owners of the nearby factory. Even though no distinct evidence was found regarding the nature of this industry, it seems it was used in dying linen cloth, which Scythopolis was famous for. This is mentioned in the Talmud, in a Latin essay from the 4th century CE and even in a price edict of the emperor Diocletianus, from the end of the 3rd century CE which allowed charging the highest of prices for the city’s products. It seems that in the Umayyad period the city also continued to be a center for the spinning, weaving and dying of linen cloth, which was an industry that was primarily based on the Christian residents of the city and whose products were now marketed by Muslim merchants.


But not only industry was located along the edges of the Umayyad city. Palladius Street was no longer being used and agricultural terraces were probably built on it. Inside the city were many flour mills that extensively utilized the city’s abundant water resources which still reached it by way of the sophisticated water supply system that was built there during the Roman-Byzantine period and conveyed large amounts of water to it from the Gilboa springs. Even though most of these flour mills were later than the Umayyad period it is possible that some of them were already used at the time under discussion and they therefore reflect the role of Beisan as a milling center for the entire region.