The survey of the Lower Galilee has shown that the region was destroyed following the campaign by Tiglath-Pileser III and was not re-inhabited until the Persian period. Two random discoveries are likely to shed new light on the processes that transpired in the region between these two periods. A small site that was founded on virgin soil in an area that had not been previously inhabited was discovered by chance next to Tel ‘Eynot Tsippori. Remains of a single building were exposed that was destroyed in a fire and on its floor were pottery vessels that date to the end of the 7th and the 6th centuries BCE. Another site was also discovered by H. Smithline under similar circumstances north of Horbat Yiftah’el. These two sites extend over a small area, date to a single period and were founded close to historic settlement sites. Judging from the pottery vessels it seems we are dealing with a local population. The two sites existed for only a very short time and by the Persian period they were abandoned and the residents had returned to the sites at ‘Eynot Tsippori and Horbat Yiftah’el. This evidence allows us for the first time to identify a short historic phase in the settlement history of the Lower Galilee. It seems that these settlements can be ascribed to the small remnant of the population that survived in the region after the campaign by Tiglath-Pileser III and the ensuing exile, and which was concentrated in the region around the Bet Natufa Valley.