It is commonly believed that during the 7th-6th centuries BCE a few of the Israelite survivors, who later constituted the core of the population in the Persian period, lived in the Galilee. This opinion was based mainly on two verses in the bible attesting to the ties of families from the Galilee with the royal household in Jerusalem in the 7th-6th centuries BCE. Noted in these verses are two Lower Galilean settlements that are also mentioned in the annals of Tiglath-Pileser III’s military campaign in the year 733/732 BCE. It is apparently evident from this that the Lower Galilee continued to be inhabited by an Israelite population that constituted the basis of the settlement of the Galilee in the Persian period. However, when we examine the archaeological data a completely different picture appears. From the data derived from the surveys and excavations we can outline the settlement history throughout the entire Iron Age 2, which came to an end in a uniform and absolute manner at the end of the 8th century BCE. The end of the Israelite settlement was an event that left its mark in an unprecedented way not just on the Lower Galilee, but on the entire Galilee as well. From what is written in the annals of Tiglath-Pileser III and a comparison of it to the settled area and the estimated size of the population of the Lower Galilee, it seems that this region of the country remained almost completely devoid of inhabitants. When we examine the settlement maps of the 8th century BCE on the one hand and those of the Persian period on the other, and the conspicuous settlement gap between them, one cannot help but wonder how is was that Lower Galilee flourished so much in the 5th century BCE. Two small sites that date to the 7th century and the beginning of the sixth century BCE, which were discovered accidentally in a small part of the Nahal Tsippori basin, are likely to shed light on the processes that transpired in the Lower Galilee between the campaign of Tiglath-Pileser III and the beginning of the Second Temple period. They existed for an extremely short period and by the Persian period they had already been abandoned by their inhabitants. The settlement dynamics that are manifested by the history of these two sites allows us to identify for the first time a short historic phase in the settlement history of the Lower Galilee which was unknown until now. It therefore seems that these two tiny settlements can be attributed to the small number of refugees that survived in the region after the campaign of Tiglath-Pileser III and the exiles that came in its wake.