In the Early Bronze Age II, a period that lasted c. 300 years, the city of Arad maintained complex economic systems, the essence of which was a regional administration in the model of a center and periphery, until the sudden end of the city that abruptly cut short its development.
At its height (Stratum II), Arad sustained 2000-2500 people. The existence of an urban center of this size in the southern region of the Land of Israel, on the border of the settled country, is both surprising and extraordinary.
It seems that Arad, actually its existence and prosperity, “reshaped” the geographic and cultural domain of Canaan in the Early Bronze Age, if only for a short time.